The Federal Republic of Germany is made up of 16 states (Bundesländer), that are guaranteed self-government except as otherwise provided by the Basic Law. Federal law takes precedence over state law. Geographically, Germany extends over 357,114 square kilometers. The country shares borders with Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland. Ranked fourth globally, Germany is the leading economic power in Europe. The services sector accounts for 72% of the workforce, followed by the industrial sector at around 26.8%.
*Please note that the official currency is the currency of remuneration when employed through WorkMotion in Germany.
Euro (EUR, €)
Languages spoken :
83.22 million (2021 est.)
Minimum wage 2023 :
Cost of Living index :
$$$$ (34 of 139 nations)
Payroll Frequency :
VAT - standard rate :
GDP - real growth rate :
2.7% (2021 est.)
The national holidays mentioned below are valid for the year 2023.
The Public Holidays Acts of the individual federal states determine the dates of public holidays in those states. Nine public holidays are legally protected nationwide.
The approximate time for sharing the contract with an employee in Germany is 4 business days assuming no special requests or changes to our standard employment contract. Any such requests or changes would need to undergo internal and external review, directly leading to a time delay.
NOTE: This number is subject to change and is only an estimation of the Contract Sharing Time. The estimated Contract Sharing Time begins from the moment that WorkMotion has received all required information from both the client and the employee.
The working week varies between 38 to 48 hours depending on the collective wage agreement.
Overtime is strictly regulated in Germany. An employee should work the number of working hours stated in their contract. The working hours cannot surpass an average of 48 hours.
The employer and employee can agree on a trial period that can be a maximum of six months. Alternatively, the parties may enter the employment relationship by agreeing on a contract that is limited to up to six months.
In Germany, notice can only be given by the end of the next applicable period. During probation, a notice period of two weeks applies. Post probation, the minimum statutory period is four weeks calculated from the 15th or the end of a month.
For the employer, after serving for two years, the notice periods served are based on the length of service. as summarized in the table below:
2 to less than 5
5 to less than 8
8 to less than 10
10 to less than 12
12 to less than 15
15 to less than 20
20 and above
The statutory minimum leave entitlement is 24 days per calendar year for six-day workweeks. Based on office days (Arbeitstage), the minimum leave is 20 office days per calendar year, not counting Saturday, Sunday, and public holidays.
Full entitlement to leave is acquired only after the employment relationship has been in existence for six months.
If the employee has been employed for at least four weeks and they were not to blame for their incapacity for work, continued payment of 100% of wages can be claimed from the employer for a period of up to six weeks.
The employee is required to submit a medical certificate issued by a doctor for an absence of at least three days.
After the expiry of continued payment by the employer, the employee is entitled to a sickness allowance paid by statutory health insurance. The allowance (70% of the employee’s last regular salary, but no more than 90% of the net earnings) is paid for up to 78 weeks (72 weeks if six weeks were already paid by the employer) over a period of three years (Krankenversicherungsträger).
The parents are entitled to unpaid parental leave until the child reaches the age of three. If the employer agrees, up to 12 months of that time can be postponed until the child reaches eight years of age.
Employees who have been continuously employed for at least six months, where a company has at least 15 employees, can work part-time during parental leave. An employee is also entitled to request the reduction of their working time to up to 30 hours per week during parental leave.
Maternity leave is six weeks before and eight weeks after birth, or 12 weeks in the event of multiple or premature births. Payments to the employee during maternity leave are made partly by the statutory health insurance provider and partly by the employer. The health insurance pays €13 per day during the period, and the employer contributes the difference to the amount of the average net salary (based on the previous three months).
There is no statutory paternity leave in Germany.
Employees with at least 6 months’ service get education leave for 5 days per year or 10 days in 2 years. The Länder have their own laws on educational leave which govern paid leave from work.
Employees have access to caregiver leave to look after close relatives in need of nursing care at home. This leave is granted for up to six months while being fully or partly released from employment.
The following social security statutory deductions are payable by the employer:
*The amounts vary by the industrial sector.
The services of the state health insurance system are normally provided as cash benefits or as benefits in kind. Insured parties are entitled to:
State accident insurance is compulsory for workers. It covers accidents at work, accidents on the way directly to and from work, and the consequences of occupational diseases. The premium is determined according to respective risk classes within an industry.
If unemployment is a result of an accident at work or an occupational disease, and the employee’s ability to work is curtailed by at least 20% for more than 26 weeks following the event leading to the claim, they are eligible to receive a pension.
After having worked for at least 12 months in the last 30 months in Germany, the employee is entitled to receive unemployment benefits to the amount of 60-70% of the previous average income from the Federal Employment Agency for six months. The amount depends on the extent of the reduction in the employee’s fitness for work and their earnings over the 12 calendar months prior to the insurance claim. The duration of payments can be longer depending on the length of service.
The statutory retirement age is gradually increasing and for those born in 1964 or later, the statutory retirement age is 67. A special service pension is paid with 45 years of contribution at age 65 for those born in 1964 or later.
Participation in the public retirement insurance system is mandatory for employees. Employees with less than five years’ contributions earn no benefit. According to the type of pension, the qualifying period for pension entitlement varies. Insured parties can apply for an early pension from the age of 63 if they can prove 35 years of qualifying pension contributions. As compensation for the longer pension period, for each month up to the statutory retirement age (severely disabled people, up to 65), the pension is reduced by 0.3%.
If an accident at work or an occupational disease leads to the death of the insured person, the insurance will pay the funeral expenses (funeral payment).
If an employee dies following an accident at work or an occupational disease, a survivor’s pension is paid to the surviving spouse or civil partner.
Due to the ongoing COVID -19 pandemic, parents with statutory health insurance will continue to receive sick pay for each child with statutory health insurance for up to 30 working days (single parents up to 60 working days) per year in 2023 if:
The entitlement is limited to a total of 65 working days or 130 working days for single parents. In the case of children with disabilities and those in need of help who are legally insured, the insured parents are entitled to sick pay without age limit.
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