Belarus, a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, is bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Until it became independent in 1991, the country was formerly known as Belorussia or White Russia. It was the smallest of the three Slavic republics included in the Soviet Union (the larger two being Russia and Ukraine).

40% of the land in Belarus is forested, and its strongest economic sectors are agriculture and manufacturing. High-skilled personnel established transitways, and good infrastructure could be named as positive aspects of Belarus’s investment climate.

 

*Please note that the official currency is the currency of remuneration when employed through WorkMotion in Belarus.

Hauptstadt :
Minsk
Währung :
Belarusian Ruble (BYN)
Gesprochene Sprachen :
Belarusian, Russian
Einwohnerzahl :
9.34 million (2021 est.)
Mindestlohn :
BYN 457
Lebenshaltungskostenindex :
$ (120 of 139)
Payroll Frequency :
Monthly
Mehrwertsteuernormalsatz :
20%
reales BIP-Wachstum :
2.5% (2021 est.)

Statutory Holidays

The national holidays mentioned below are valid for the year 2022.

Date
Holiday Name
Extra Information
January 1-2
New Year
January 7
Christmas
Movable - As per the Eastern Orthodox Church.
March 8
Women’s Day
March 15
Constitution Day
April 2
Day of Unity of the People of Belarus and Russia
April 4
Easter
Movable - As per the Eastern Orthodox Church
May 1
Labor Day
May 3
Radonitsa
Movable - As per the Eastern Orthodox Church
May 9
Victory Day
May 8
Day of the National Coat of Arms of the Republic of Belarus and the National Flag of the Republic of Belarus
Movable - The second Sunday in May
July 3
Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus/Day of the Republic
September 17
Day of People's Unity
November 2
Dzyady
November 7
October Revolution Day
December 25
Catholic Christmas

Contract Sharing Time


The approximate time for sharing the contract with an employee in Belarus is 7 business days assuming no special requests or changes to our standard employment contract. Any such requests or changes would need to undergo internal and external review, directly leading to a time delay.

NOTE: This number is subject to change and is only an estimation of the Contract Sharing Time. The estimated Contract Sharing Time begins from the moment that WorkMotion has received all required information from both the client and the employee.

What You Need To Know


  • Chapter 25(1) of the labor code provides regulation of remote work in Belarus.
  • For employees who have a long work experience in one organization or industry, the employer can establish additional leave for a long work experience of up to three calendar days.
  • An employee engaged in work with harmful and (or) dangerous working conditions has the right to increased wages, free provision of medical and food products, paid breaks in working conditions, reduced working hours, additional leave, and other compensations

Labor Conditions


Working Hours

The full standard duration of the workday should not exceed 40 hours per week. A rest break lasting at least 20 minutes and not more than two hours is provided to employees during the working day. The duration of weekly uninterrupted rest must be at least 42 hours.

 

Overtime

Overtime work must not exceed 10 hours per working week and 180 hours per year for each employee, and the duration of daily work, including overtime, must not exceed 12 hours.

For overtime work and weekends, another unpaid rest day may be provided in exchange for the additional payment with the consent of the employee. At the same time, for hours of overtime work, one unpaid rest day should be provided at the rate of an eight-hour working day (one rest day for eight hours of overtime work).

Probation Period

The period of probation should not exceed three months, excluding the period of temporary incapacity for work and other periods when the employee was absent from work.

 

Termination Notice Period

In Belarus, a minimum of one month’s notice is required to leave an organization. For termination during the probationary period, a minimum of 3-days notice is required.

Leave / Time Off

Annual Leave

The duration of the main vacation cannot be less than 24 calendar days. For employees who have long-term work experience in one organization or industry, the employer can establish additional leave for a long work experience of up to three calendar days. 

Sick Leave

The Social Security System in Belarus funds the payment of sickness benefits. For the first 12 days of illness, the amount of medical benefit is 80% of the average daily salary. Subsequent days of constant illness are reimbursed by 100% of the average daily salary. 

Parental Leave

For working women, regardless of their length of service, the employer is obliged, if they so wish, to grant parental leave until the child reaches the age of three at the end of their maternity leave.

During the period of leave to care for a child until the child reaches the age of three years, a monthly state social insurance benefit is assigned and paid in accordance with the procedure established by law.

 

Maternity Leave

Women are granted maternity leave of 126 calendar days (in cases of complicated childbirth, including the birth of two or more children – 140 calendar days). During the period of being on maternity leave, a state allowance for state social insurance is assigned and paid.

 

Paternity Leave

When a child is born and raised in a family, the employer is obliged, at the request of the child’s father (stepfather), to provide him with unpaid leave for no more than 14 calendar days. Other duration and (or) payment of leave at the birth of a child may be provided for by the collective agreement or the employer.

Other Types of Paid Leave

Employees are guaranteed paid leave and their position by the state in case of:

  • State or public duties like official and military assignments;
  • Advanced training, retraining, vocational training, and internship of employees in the direction of the employer;
  • Medical examinations;
  • Blood donations; and
  • Work towards inventions.

Unpaid Leave

The employee may, following an individual written agreement with the employer, receive unpaid leave for a period not exceeding one year, which may be extended by a new agreement of the parties. For the duration of the leave, the employment contract is suspended, and no social security contributions are due.

Statutory Benefits

The Republic of Belarus prioritizes care of the elderly and disabled people. The national social security system was created and developed to support these population groups. Financial assistance is also provided to low-income citizens, families with underage children andpeople with disabilities within the framework of the system of state targeted social assistance.

 

 

BenefitEmployer Contribution
Pension Insurance28%
Social Insurance6%
Accident Insurance0.6%-1.5%

Health Insurance

Belarus utilizes universal healthcare. Healthcare in Belarus is supervised by the Ministry of Health and funded by social insurance taxes through the National Health Service. Belarusian healthcare is cheap and easily available, although specialized care is rare.

The employer contributes 6% towards social insurance.

Other Insurances

Accident Insurance

 

The worker must be assessed with a work injury or occupational disease. Work injury benefits are reduced by up to 50% if the work injury is deemed to have been caused by gross negligence on the part of the insured.

Employer contributions vary from 0.6% to 1.5% of payroll depending on the assessed professional risk. 

Unemployment Insurance

 

The employee must be unemployed and aged 16 or older, but younger than the normal retirement age. The insured must register at the state employment office as unemployed (must not be enrolled in a day program at an educational institute, enlisted in military or government service, or engaged in a business pursuit) and be able and willing to work. Unemployment must be involuntary.

Unemployment benefits are financed by social insurance contributions. The employer pays 6% of wages towards social insurance.

Public Pension

Pensions are guaranteed to every person unfit for work permanently residing in Belarus. Labor (insurance) pension is divided into the corresponding types: age, disability, and loss-of-breadwinner. The old-age retirement pension is granted upon the attainment of a generally established retirement age and the length of service during which compulsory insurance contributions were paid (pension insurance record). 

Employers cntribute 28% towards the public pension.

 

Other Statutory Benefits

Family allowances

The child allowance is paid to a mother, father, adoptive parent, or guardian caring for a child younger than age three. 35% of the national average wage from the relevant quarter is paid for the first eligible child, 40% for the second and subsequent eligible child, 45% for an eligible disabled child.

6% of employer-paid contributions (SICs) are also utilized for family allowances apart from other abovementioned benefits.

Disclaimer

The information contained in this Country Guide is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. The contents of this Country Guide contain general information and may not reflect current legal developments or address your situation. You should not act or refrain from acting on the basis of any content included in this Country Guide without seeking the advice or representation of a licensed attorney. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for actions you take or fail to take based on any content included in this Country Guide.

Information provided in this Country Guide is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. WorkMotion Software GmbH periodically adds, changes, improves, updates, or removes information without notice, and assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the contents of this Country Guide. This Country Guide may contain links to other websites. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for the privacy practices or the content of such websites.

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