Cyprus officially called the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It is the third-largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean and is located south of Turkey, west of Syria, northwest of the Gaza Strip, Israel, and Lebanon, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece. Cyprus has an open, free-market, service-based economy with some light manufacturing. 

 

*Please note that the official currency is the currency of remuneration when employed through WorkMotion in Cyprus.

Hauptstadt :
Nicosia
Währung :
Euro (EUR; €)
Gesprochene Sprachen :
Greek, Turkish
Einwohnerzahl :
1.22 million (2021 est.)
Mindestlohn :
No national minimum wage
Lebenshaltungskostenindex :
$$$ (37 of 139 countries)
Payroll Frequency :
Monthly
Mehrwertsteuernormalsatz :
19%
reales BIP-Wachstum :
5.3% (2021 est.)

Statutory Holidays

The national holidays mentioned below are valid for the year 2022.

Date
Holiday Name
Extra Information
January 1
New Year`s Day
January 6
Epiphany
March 7
Green Monday
Movable - Orthodox Shrove Monday
March 25
Greek Independence Day
April 1
National Day
April 22
Orthodox Good Friday
Movable
April 24
Orthodox Easter Sunday
Movable
April 25
Orthodox Pentecost Monday
Movable
May 1
Labor Day
June 13
Orthodox Whit Monday
Movable
August 15
Assumption Day
October 1
Cyprus Independence Day
October 28
Ochi Day
December 24
Christmas Eve
December 25
Christmas Day
December 26
Boxing Day

Contract Sharing Time


The approximate time for sharing the contract with an employee in Cyprus is 14 business days assuming no special requests or changes to our standard employment contract. Any such requests or changes would need to undergo internal and external review, directly leading to a time delay.

NOTE: This number is subject to change and is only an estimation of the Contract Sharing Time. The estimated Contract Sharing Time begins from the moment that WorkMotion has received all required information from both the client and the employee.

What You Need To Know


  • Employees are entitled to severance pay only in dismissal cases of redundancy.
  • A fixed-term contract may not have a term longer than 30 months.
  • Unlawful dismissal attracts compensation fees in the same amount as in redundancy cases.

Labor Conditions


Working Hours

Generally, the weekly working time ranges from 38 to 40 hours in most companies. Employees are entitled to a minimum of 11 continuous hours of rest per 24 hours and 24 continuous hours of rest per week. When the working day is longer than six hours, the worker is entitled to a rest break of 15 consecutive minutes.

 

Overtime

The maximum working week is 48 hours including overtime. Compensation for overtime work is not regulated by law in Cyprus but is a matter of individual or collective agreement. 

Probation Period

There is a minimum probation period of six months prescribed by law during which an employer may dismiss an employee without cause. This period may be extended for up to two years, provided that there is a written agreement to that effect between the employer and the employee made at the establishment of the employment relationship.

 

 

Termination Notice Period
Length of ServiceNotice Period
Up to 26 weeksNo notice
From 26 to 51 weeks1 week
From 52 to 103 weeks2 weeks
From 104 to 155 weeks4 weeks
From 156 to 207 weeks5 weeks
From 208 to 259 weeks6 weeks
From 260 to 311 weeks7 weeks
From 312 weeks and over8 weeks

 

NOTE: The only time a notice is not required is when the employee has committed a serious offense. The notice period must be given in writing.

Leave / Time Off

Annual Leave

Workers on a five-day week must be given 20 working days’ leave and workers on a six‑day week must be given 24 working days’ leave over a period of one year’s employment. The contract of employment or the collective agreement may allow more days of annual leave (paid). Workers request leave and take it when the needs of the company permit.

Sick Leave

Sickness leave is fixed between employers and employees through collective or individual agreements. A worker who does not receive sick pay from the employer is entitled to a sickness benefit from the Social Insurance Fund under certain conditions. The Social Insurance System provides for sick pay from the fourth day of leave. 

Parental Leave

Employed parents are entitled to leave without pay for a period of up to 13 weeks, on grounds of birth or adoption of a child, to enable them to take care of and raise that child. This right is individual and non-transferable. The minimum duration of parental leave to be taken in one year is one week and the maximum is four weeks.

 

Maternity Leave

An employed pregnant woman is entitled to maternity leave for 18 consecutive weeks, of which the period of two weeks before the week of confinement, the week of confinement, and six weeks after the week of confinement, that is nine weeks in total, is compulsory for both the employer and the employed woman.

In order to be entitled to maternity leave, the pregnant woman must produce in time to her employer a medical certificate stating the expected week of her confinement. Maternity leave pay is funded by the Social Insurance Fund.

 

Paternity Leave

Any employee whose wife gave birth or had a child through a surrogate mother or adopted a child up to the age of 12 is entitled to paternity leave for two consecutive weeks starting from the week of birth or adoption and ending after a period of 16 weeks.

The employee must give written notice to the employer at least two weeks before the commencement of paternity leave. An employee is protected against dismissal during paternity leave.

 

Adoption Leave

A female employee who has adopted a child under 12 years of age and who has notified the Department of Social Welfare Services of this event is entitled to 16 weeks of maternity leave, provided that she informed her employer, in writing, at least six weeks in advance, of her intention to adopt a child, and of the date on which she would begin taking care of the child.

Other Types of Paid Leave

Employees are entitled to up to five days of paid leave due to a death of a direct family member.

Unpaid Leave

Leave on Grounds of Force Majeure

The employee is entitled to seven days of leave per year without pay on grounds of force majeure. These grounds must be related to urgent family reasons in case of sickness or accident to a dependent member of the employee’s family (child, spouse, sister, grandfather, grandmother), which makes the employee’s presence indispensable.

The leave may be granted either as a whole in one single period or piecemeal. Employees must inform as early as possible the employer of their intention to make use of leave on grounds of force majeure.

Statutory Benefits

Employed persons are compulsorily insured under a state-administered Social Insurance Fund. The Scheme provides cash benefits for marriage, maternity, sickness, unemployment, widowhood, invalidity, orphanhood, old age, death, and employment injury.

BenefitEmployer Contribution
Social Insurance Fund8.3%
Redundancy fund1.2%
Training development fund0.5%
Social cohesion fund2%
GHS contributions2.9% (capped at EUR 180,000 annual income)
Holiday fund (if not exempt)8%

Health Insurance

The General Healthcare System (GHS) is a comprehensive system that offers equal access to healthcare services for all citizens, with the option to choose their healthcare provider from both the private and the public sectors.

The employer contribution to the National Health System is 2.9%.

Other Insurances

Accident Insurance

 

All the employers operating in Cyprus are required to conclude an Employer’s Liability Insurance Contract with an authorized licensed insurance agency. It is the employer’s responsibility to check whether the insurance agency with which the Insurance Contract is concluded is authorized.

For each accident or occupational disease in relation to each employee, the minimum coverage limit is €160,000 including expenses and interest. For each insurance period, the minimum coverage limit is €5,125,000.00 including expenses and interest.

Unemployment Insurance

 

Unemployment benefits are financed by the social security system.

 

Unemployment benefit is payable to employed persons between the ages of 16 and 63 for involuntary unemployment. Persons who do not satisfy the insurance conditions of old-age pension at the age of 63 are allowed to receive benefits up to the date of which they satisfy the relevant insurance conditions but in no case after the age of 65. The period for which unemployment benefit is payable does not exceed 156 days for each period of interruption of employment.

Public Pension

Old-age pension is payable to all insured persons (employed, self-employed, or voluntarily insured persons) upon reaching the pensionable age of 65, provided that they meet the relevant insurance conditions. The monthly rate of the social pension is 81% of the full basic statutory pension which is paid by the Social Insurance Fund.

The employer’s contribution to the state-administered Social Insurance Fund is 8.3% of their gross remuneration.

Other Statutory Benefits

Training Development Fund

All companies in Cyprus are obliged to contribute a fixed share of their payroll costs (0.5%) to a training fund and in return may receive contributions to their training costs. The objective of the fund is to create the necessary prerequisites for the planned and systematic training and development of Cyprus’s human resources, at all levels and in all sectors, for meeting the economy’s needs, within the overall socio-economic policies.

 

Holiday Fund

An employed person’s wages or salary during annual leave is either paid directly by the employer or out of the Central Holiday Fund. Employers who are not exempted from the obligation to contribute to the Annual Holiday Fund are obliged to pay contributions to the Central Holiday Fund. 

Employers contribute 8% to the holiday fund.

 

Redundancy Fund

The termination of employment introduces the obligation for compensation to redundant employees who have continuous service of at least 104 weeks. Redundancy compensation to employees is covered by the Redundancy Fund which is entirely financed by employers‘ contributions (1.2% of employees‘ gross earnings). The redundancy fund covers both individual and collective redundancies.

Disclaimer

The information contained in this Country Guide is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. The contents of this Country Guide contain general information and may not reflect current legal developments or address your situation. You should not act or refrain from acting on the basis of any content included in this Country Guide without seeking the advice or representation of a licensed attorney. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for actions you take or fail to take based on any content included in this Country Guide.

Information provided in this Country Guide is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. WorkMotion Software GmbH periodically adds, changes, improves, updates, or removes information without notice, and assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the contents of this Country Guide. This Country Guide may contain links to other websites. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for the privacy practices or the content of such websites.

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