Romania is a southeastern European country known for the forested region of Transylvania, ringed by the Carpathian Mountains. The Romanian landscape is approximately one-third mountainous and one-third forested, with the remainder made up of hills and plains. The climate is temperate and marked by four distinct seasons. Romania is bounded by Ukraine to the north, Moldova to the northeast, the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Serbia to the southwest, and Hungary to the west.

The most important sectors of Romania’s economy are industry, wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation, food services, public administration, defense, education, human health, and social work activities.

 

*Please note that the official currency is the currency of remuneration when employed through WorkMotion in Romania.

Capitale :
Bucharest
Devise :
Romanian Leu (lei, Ron)
Langues parlées :
Romanian
Nombre d'habitants :
19.12 million (2021 est.)
Salaire minimum :
RON 2,550 per month
Index du coût de la vie :
$$ (102 of 139)
Payroll Frequency :
Monthly
Taux normal de la TVA :
19%
Croissance réelle du PIB :
5.9% (2021 est.)

Statutory Holidays

The national holidays mentioned below are valid for the year 2022.

Date
Holiday Name
Extra Information
January 1
New Year`s Day
January 2
Day after New Year
January 24
Unification Day
April 22
Orthodox Good Friday
Movable
April 24
Orthodox Easter Sunday
Movable
April 25
Othodox Easter Monday
Movable
May 1
Labor Day
June 1
Children’s Day
June 12
Orthodox Whit Sunday
Movable
June 13
Orthodox Whit Monday
Movable
August 15
St Mary`s Day
November 30
Feast of St. Andrew
December 1
Great Union Day
December 25
Christmas Day
December 26
December 26 Second Day of Christmas

Contract Sharing Time


The approximate time for sharing the contract with an employee in Romania is 4 business days assuming no special requests or changes to our standard employment contract. Any such requests or changes would need to undergo internal and external review, directly leading to a time delay.

NOTE: This number is subject to change and is only an estimation of the Contract Sharing Time. The estimated Contract Sharing Time begins from the moment that WorkMotion has received all required information from both the client and the employee

What You Need To Know


  • Remote work is governed by Law 81/2018 and failure by employers to abide by the provisions of this law attracts fines.

  • In Romania, a person can only be employed based on a medical certificate, which finds that the person in question is fit to perform that work.

Labor Conditions


Working Hours

Full-time working hours are eight hours per day and 40 hours per week. Should the daily length of the working time exceed six hours, the employees have the right to a meal break and other breaks, under the terms provided for in the applicable collective labor agreement or in the rules of procedure.

Overtime

Working time, including overtime, may exceptionally exceed 48 hours per week, provided that the average number of working hours, calculated for a reference period of three calendar months, does not exceed 48 hours per week.

Probation Period

The probationary period depends on the type of employment agreement:

  • 90 calendar days at the most for operational positions;
  • 120 calendar days at the most for a management position.

 

Termination Notice Period

Notice periods are stipulated by the parties in individual employment contracts or the applicable collective labor agreements, as appropriate. They cannot exceed 20 calendar days for employees in operational positions and 45 days for employees in management positions. The notice period starts within two days of submitting one’s resignation.

Leave / Time Off

Annual Leave

Each employee is entitled to paid annual leave for a minimum period of 20 days per year.

Sick Leave

The maximum duration of sick leave is 183 days in a year or up to 18 months for serious illnesses. Employees are entitled to pay for up to five days of sick leave with a compensation of 75% of their salary from the employer. Compensation is provided by the state for sick leave exceeding five days.

Parental Leave

Child-raising leave and benefits are granted to natural parents, adoptive parents, people who have been granted temporary custody of children pending adoption or legal guardians. Leave and cash benefits are granted for up to the first two years of the child’s life, or for the first three years for disabled children.

Child-raising leave for a disabled child can be extended until the child has reached the age of seven years if one of the natural or adoptive parents or the legal guardian requests this.

 

Maternity Leave

A maternity allowance is paid to the mother for 126 calendar days while she is on leave. This period is made up of 63 days of leave before birth (antenatal leave) and 63 days after the child is born (postnatal leave). The first 42 days of leave after the child is born are compulsory. The remaining 84 days need not be taken if the mother does not feel that she needs them or can be taken earlier, before the birth, or later, after the birth.

 

Paternity Leave

The length of paternity leave is five days, fully paid by the employer. Paternity leave is granted on request, in the first eight weeks after the birth of the child, justified with the child’s birth certificate.

There is the possibility of extending the leave by a further 10 days if the father attends an infant-care course (curs de puericultură).

Other Types of Paid Leave

 

Type of LeaveDuration
Marriage of the employee5 days
Marriage of an employee’s child2 days
Death of a spouse, child, parents or parent-in-law3 days
Death of a grandparent or sibling1 day
Blood donationAccording to the legal provisions in force
Relocating to another town5 days

Unpaid Leave

An individual employment contract may be suspended, with the agreement of the parties, in case of unpaid leave for studies or personal interests. The length of the unpaid leave is laid down in the collective labor agreement or in the rules of procedure.

Statutory Benefits

The social security system in Romania finances several benefits in the country such as:

  • Old-age pension
  • Invalidity pension
  • Medical leave benefits
  • Maternity benefits
  • Unemployment insurance
  • Occupational accidents

 

BenefitEmployer Contribution
Social insurance
  • 4% for particular working conditions; or
  • 8% for special working conditions.
Labor insurance
  • 2.25%

Health Insurance

Any person who is legally residing in Romania can benefit from the national health insurance system from the date of starting the contribution payment to the fund. Insured persons in Romania receive a basic package of medical services through which they are treated for illnesses or accidents from the first day of illness or the date of the accident until they recover. 

Healthcare is financed by employee contributions of 10%. There are no employer contributions towards healthcare insurance in Romania.

Other Insurances

Accident Insurance

 

The insurance system for work accidents and occupational diseases guarantees a set of services and benefits for the benefit of insured persons, with a view to promoting health and safety at work, preventing accidents at work and occupational diseases, and reducing and compensating for the consequences of accidents at work and occupational diseases. 

Employers contribute 2.25% towards labor insurance and 5% of that fee is used to finance the accident insurance.

Unemployment Insurance

 

Unemployment Indemnity is an unemployment insurance benefit. It is contributory, not means-tested, and not taxable. The unemployment benefit is paid every month, for a period of between six and 12 months.

20% of the contribution made by employers towards labor/work insurance of 2.25% goes to the unemployment insurance fund.

Public Pension

Old-age pensions are granted to people who have reached the standard retirement age and have completed the minimum period of contribution to the public pension system. The standard retirement age for women is 61 years and six months and will increase gradually to 63 years by January 2030. The standard retirement age for men is 65 years.

The employer makes a social security contribution of either 4% or 8% towards the pension insurance, depending on their working environment.

Other Statutory Benefits

Invalidity Pensions 

 

Invalidity pensions are paid to people who have lost all or at least half of their capacity to work, either due to work accidents or occupational illnesses or due to other illnesses or accidents which are unconnected with their work.

The employer makes a social security contribution of either 4% or 8% towards the pension insurance, depending on their working environment.

 

Survivors’ Pensions 

 

Survivors’ pensions are paid to the children and surviving spouse if the deceased person who supported them was a pensioner or met the requirements to receive any type of pension paid from the public pension system.

 

Death Grants 

 

Death grants are paid both in the event of the death of an insured person or pensioner under the public pension system and in the event of the death of family members who were supported by them and have no entitlement of their own to social insurance.

Disclaimer

The information contained in this Country Guide is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. The contents of this Country Guide contain general information and may not reflect current legal developments or address your situation. You should not act or refrain from acting on the basis of any content included in this Country Guide without seeking the advice or representation of a licensed attorney. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for actions you take or fail to take based on any content included in this Country Guide.

Information provided in this Country Guide is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. WorkMotion Software GmbH periodically adds, changes, improves, updates, or removes information without notice, and assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the contents of this Country Guide. This Country Guide may contain links to other websites. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for the privacy practices or the content of such websites.

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