Guatemala, a constitutional democratic republic located in Central America, is bordered by Mexico to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west, Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the south. It is divided into 22 geographic departments.
Guatemala, which won its independence in 1821, is the most populous of the Central American countries and the largest economy. Famed for its volcanoes, lakes, textiles, Mayan ruins, and temperate climate in the highlands, more than half of Guatemala’s economic activity takes place in four sectors: manufacturing, commerce, private sector, and agriculture. The economy is largely informal, with estimates upwards of 70% of employment, which is one of the reasons that the tax revenue is the lowest in the region.
*Please note that the official currency is the currency of remuneration when employed through WorkMotion in Guatemala.
Quetzal (GTQ, Q)
Languages spoken :
17.36 million (2022 est.)
Minimum wage 2023 :
GTQ 3,166.38 Monthly, Non-agricultural sector
Cost of Living index :
$$$ (74 of 139 countries)
Payroll Frequency :
VAT - standard rate :
GDP - real growth rate :
7.5% (2021 est.)
The national holidays mentioned below are valid for the year 2023.
In addition to the listed holidays, Guatemala city observes an additional holiday for Assumption Day on August 15.
The approximate time for sharing the contract with an employee in Guatemala is 10 business days assuming no special requests or changes to our standard employment contract. Any such requests or changes would need to undergo internal and external review, directly leading to a time delay.
NOTE: This number is subject to change and is only an estimation of the Contract Sharing Time. The estimated Contract Sharing Time begins from the moment that WorkMotion has received all required information from both the client and the employee.
The ordinary working hours are eight hours a day and 48 hours a week. Night shifts (6 pm to 6 am) can be a maximum of six hours a day and 36 hours a week. The ordinary working day of mixed effective work may not exceed seven hours a day or exceed a total of 42 hours a week. The ordinary working day can be continuous or divided into two or more periods with rest intervals that are rationally adopted according to the nature of the work in question and the needs of the worker.
Any time over 44 hours in one workweek is considered overtime and is paid at a rate of 150% of the regular pay. The effective work that is executed outside the time limits determined for the ordinary working day, or that exceeds the lower limit that is contractually agreed, constitutes extraordinary working hours or days. Ordinary and extraordinary days cannot exceed a total of 12 hours a day, except in exceptional cases that are determined in the respective regulations or are due to an accident or imminent risk to people, establishments, machines, and facilities.
In any contract for an indefinite period of time, the first two months are deemed to be a trial, unless the parties agree to a shorter period for mutual convenience. During the trial period, either party may terminate the contract, of their own free will, with or without just cause, without incurring any liability.
The worker who wishes to terminate their contract without just cause or attending only to their own will must give prior notice to the employer in accordance with the following:
|Duration of Continuous Service||Notice Period|
|Less than 6 months||1 week|
|After 6 months but less than 1 year||10 days|
|After 1 year but less than 5 years||2 weeks|
|More than 5 years||1 month|
Termination notices must always be given in writing.
Every worker, without exception, has the right to a period of paid vacation after each year of continuous work in the service of the same employer, the minimum duration of which is 15 working days. In order to be eligible, the worker must have at least 150 days of service in the preceding year. Vacations cannot be accumulated from year to year in order to later enjoy a longer rest period. However, the worker at the end of the contract can claim cash compensation for leave that has been missed in the last five years.
If the employee is covered under the benefits of the Guatemalan Social Security Institute, the employer only needs to pay the fees ordered by the regulations issued by the Institute. In cases where the employee is not eligible for social security benefits and the employer is not found to be liable for the temporary incapacity to perform work or cause an occupational illness, the employer should still provide leave to the employee as per the following regulations:
|Employment Duration||Salary to be Paid|
|After 2 months and less than 6 months||50% of salary for a month.|
|6 or more months and less than 9 months||50% for 2 months.|
|9 or more months||50% for 3 months.|
There is no statutory provision for parental leave in Guatemala.
The working mother enjoys a paid rest with 100% of her salary during the 30 days preceding the delivery and the following 54 days. The days that cannot be enjoyed before childbirth are accumulated to be enjoyed in the postpartum stage, in such a way that the working mother enjoys 84 effective days of rest during that period. The woman who has been granted the rest has the right to have her employer pay her salary unless she receives the benefits of the Guatemalan Social Security Institute.
Two days of paid leave on the birth of a child is paid by the employer.
The worker who adopts a minor has the right to postpartum leave so that both can enjoy a period of adaptation. In this case, the leave starts from the day immediately following the day on which the minor is adopted. To enjoy this right, the worker must present the corresponding documents stating the adoption process.
The employer is obliged to provide the employee with paid time off to vote. The duration of this time is not specified.
The following table provides for the paid leave to be provided by the employer:
|Death of spouse, or partner, or parents, or children||3 days|
|Leave provided in internal regulations or collective bargaining agreement||As per the regulations or collective bargaining agreement|
|To respond to court subpoenas||The time that the appearance takes provided that it does not exceed half a day within the jurisdiction and one day outside the department in question.|
|Union functions for executive committee members only||6 days in a calendar month|
Apart from the six days per calendar month of paid leave provided by the employer for members of the executive committee of the union, there is also provision for leave without pay to executive committee members who request it, for the time necessary to attend to the attributions of their position.
Employees of firms with at least three workers have to be registered with the Institute for Social Security (Instituto Guatemalteco de Seguridad Social, IGSS). Employees contribute 4.83% of their monthly salary and employers contribute 12.67% of their monthly payroll to social security. This contribution is broken down as:
|Old Age, Disability, and Survivors’ Benefits||3.67% of gross monthly covered payroll||1.83% of gross monthly covered earnings|
|Sickness and Maternity||4% of gross monthly payroll||2% of gross monthly earnings|
|Work Injury||3% of gross monthly earnings||1% of gross monthly earnings|
(Entity in charge of the training of workers)
(Entity responsible for providing recreation and space to workers and their families)
*Instituto Técnico de Capacitacion y Productividad.
**Instituto de Recreación de los Trabajadores de la Empresa privada de Guatemala.
The beneficiary must have at least four months of contributions in the last six months. The eligible dependents include a dependent wife or cohabiting partner and children younger than seven years. Benefits include general, specialist, and dental care, maternity care, surgery, hospitalization, medicine, laboratory services, X-rays, appliances, transportation, rehabilitation, and retraining. Unemployed persons may receive medical benefits for up to two months after ceasing employment. Free medical benefits are provided to uninsured persons in an emergency and until the condition stabilizes.
Benefits are provided for work-related and non-work-related accidents or occupational diseases. For medical benefits, there is no minimum qualifying period if the insured is in covered employment; unemployed persons must have at least three months of contributions in the last six months before the work injury or occupational disease began.
For temporary disability due to a work injury or occupational illness, 66.7% of the insured’s average daily earnings in the three months before the disability began is paid from the second day of incapacity until recovery. For a permanent disability due to a work injury or occupational illness, a lump sum is paid based on the assessed degree of disability as per the medical board of the Social Security Institute.
Apart from the severance pay paid to all workers dismissed through unfair dismissal or just cause, there are no employer contributions to unemployment benefits.
The employer contributes 3.67% of gross monthly covered payroll while the employees pay 1.83% of gross monthly covered earnings. Pension benefits include old age pension, settlement, disability pension, survivor’s pension, and funeral grant.
If at the time of the employee’s death, they did not enjoy the protection of the Guatemalan Social Security Institute, or if their economic dependents are not entitled to their corresponding benefits for any reason, the employer’s obligation is to cover the dependents with the amount as presented below:
|Employer Employs||Benefit||Maximum Limit|
|20 or more workers||One month’s salary for each year of services rendered||A maximum limit of 15 months|
|Less than 20 workers||One month’s salary for each year of services rendered||A maximum limit of ten months|
This compensation must be covered by the employer in monthly payments equivalent to the number of wages that the worker earned for the same period.
If the worker is hired to provide their services or carry out work within the territory of the Republic, but in a place other than the one in which said worker habitually lives at the time the contract is signed, these rules must be observed, provided that the separation between the two sites is greater than 15 kilometers:
The information contained in this Country Guide is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. The contents of this Country Guide contain general information and may not reflect current legal developments or address your situation. You should not act or refrain from acting on the basis of any content included in this Country Guide without seeking the advice or representation of a licensed attorney. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for actions you take or fail to take based on any content included in this Country Guide.
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