Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a Central Asian country. It is bounded to the north by Kazakhstan, to the northeast by Kyrgyzstan, to the southeast by Tajikistan, to the south by Afghanistan, and to the southwest by Turkmenistan. The Uzbek economy is gradually transitioning to a market economy, with an import substitution-based foreign trade policy. 

*Please note that the official currency is the currency of remuneration when employed through WorkMotion in Uzbekistan. 

Capital :
Tashkent
Currency :
Uzbekistani soʻm (UZS, сум, soʻm)
Languages spoken :
Uzbek
Population :
34.92 million (2021 est.)
Minimum wage 2022 :
822,000 UZS (monthly)
Cost of Living index :
$ (125 of 137 nations)
Payroll Frequency :
Monthly
VAT - standard rate :
15%
GDP - real growth rate :
7.4% (2021 est.)

Statutory Holidays

The holidays mentioned below are valid for the year 2022.

Date
Holiday Name
Extra Information
January 1
New Year's Day
March 8
International Women’s Day
March 21
Navruz
May 2
Eid al-Fitr
Movable
May 9
Day of Memory and Honour
July 9
Eid al-Adha
Movable
September 1
Independence Day
October 1
Teacher's Day
December 8
Constitution Day

Contract Sharing Time


The approximate time for sharing the contract with an employee in Uzbekistan is 14 business days assuming no special requests or changes to our standard employment contract. Any such requests or changes would need to undergo internal and external review, directly leading to a time delay.

NOTE: This number is subject to change and is only an estimation of the Contract Sharing Time. The estimated Contract Sharing Time begins from the moment that WorkMotion has received all required information from both the client and the employee.

What You Need To Know


  • By agreement between the employee and the employer, the employment contract may be terminated before the expiration of the notice period.
  • During the quarantine period, employers may, with the consent of their employees, transfer them to work remotely, on flexible work schedules, or at home.

Labor Conditions


Working Hours

Normal hours of work for an employee may not exceed 40 hours per week. With a six-day working week, the duration of daily work cannot exceed seven hours, and with a five-day working week – eight hours.

The duration of daily work (shift) on the eve of holiday (non-working) days is reduced for all employees by at least one hour.

Overtime

Overtime is considered work in excess of the duration of daily work established for the employee. Overtime work may be applied with the consent of the employee. 

The duration of overtime work should not exceed for each employee four hours for two consecutive days (for jobs with harmful and difficult working conditions – two hours a day) and 120 hours a year. 

 

Probation Period 

The term of the preliminary test may not exceed three months.

An employment contract may be concluded with a preliminary test (probation period) in order:

  • To check the compliance of the employee with the assigned work;
  • For the employee to decide whether to continue the work specified in the employment contract.
Termination Notice Period

By agreement between the employee and the employer, the employment contract may be terminated before the expiration of the notice period. Payment in lieu of notice is permissible.

The notice period depends on the contract stage and reasons for termination:

Contract Stage / Reasons For TerminationLength of Notice
Probation (Preliminary Test Period)3 days
Redundancy2 months
Inability to perform duties due to a lack of qualifications or a medical condition2 weeks
Change in the company’s ownership2 months
Gross misconduct or performance2 days

Leave / Time Off

Annual Leave

All employees, including those working part-time, are provided with annual labor leave for rest and restoration of working capacity while maintaining their place of work and average earnings. 

Annual basic leave is granted to employees for a period of at least 15 working days. Taking into account the age and state of health, the annual basic extended leave is granted to:

  • Persons under 18 years of age for 30 calendar days;
  • Working persons with disabilities for 30 calendar days.

Annual basic leave for the first working year is granted after six months of work. 

Sick Leave

The number of sick leaves per year is not limited. Only the number of paid sick days is limited. The employee can be sick for no more than 30 calendar days per year.

If the employee is sick for a long time, the sick leave can be extended only by a special medical commission. The extension period is another 30 calendar days.

Parental Leave

One of the parents (guardian, custodian) raising a child with a disability up to the age of 16 is provided with one additional day off per month with payment in the number of daily earnings at the expense of state social insurance.

Women who have two or more children under the age of 12 or a child with a disability under the age of 16 are granted an additional annual paid leave of at least three working days.

Maternity Leave

Women are granted a maternity leave of 70 calendar days before childbirth and 56 calendar days (in case of complicated childbirth or when two or more children are born – 70 calendar days) after childbirth with the payment of state social insurance benefits. 

At the end of maternity leave, at the request of a woman, she is granted leave to care for a child until the child reaches the age of two years with the payment of benefits for this period.

Paternity Leave

There is no statutory paternity leave. 

Adoption Leave

The employee who have adopted newborn children directly from the maternity hospital or who have established guardianship over them are granted leave for the period from the date of adoption (establishment of guardianship) and until the expiration of 56 calendar days from the date of the birth of a child with the payment of state social insurance benefits during this period.

Other Types of Paid Leave

Creative Leave

The creative holiday is granted in order to complete a doctoral dissertation, as well as to write textbooks and teaching aids, persons who combine industrial or pedagogical activity with scientific work are granted sabbaticals with the preservation of the average monthly salary and the position at the main place of work.

Unpaid Leave

At the request of the employees, they may be granted leave without pay, the duration of which is determined by agreement between the employee and the employer but cannot exceed three months in total within a 12-month period.

Leave without pay at the request of the employee is provided without fail to:

  • Participants in the war of 1941-1945 and persons equated to them in terms of benefits – up to 14 calendar days annually;
  • Working persons with disabilities – up to 14 calendar days annually;
  • Women to care for a child aged two to three years;
  • In other cases provided for by legislative and other regulatory acts on labor, as well as the terms of an employment contract.
Education Leave

Employees studying in higher and secondary specialized educational institutions are provided with additional leave with the preservation of the average wage for the period of participation in the laboratory examination session. 

Statutory Benefits

Insured employees, and, in appropriate cases, their families are provided at the expense of state social insurance funds:

  • Benefits for temporary disability;
  • In the case of women, benefits for pregnancy and childbirth;
  • Childbirth benefits;
  • State pensions for old age, disability, and survivors;
  • Other payments provided by law.

Only the employer contributes a total of 12.01% to the social security, as follows:

BenefitEmployer ContributionEmployee Contributions
Unified Social Fund12%
Individual Pension Accounts0.1%
Total12.01%

Health Insurance

In Uzbekistan, there is a national healthcare plan which guarantees citizens the right to access free healthcare.

Other Insurances

Accident Insurance

The employer contributes 12% to the Unified Social Fund, which includes Accident Insurance.

Allowance for Temporary Disability

Temporary disability benefit is paid in case of illness, labor, or other injuries, including domestic injury when caring for a sick family member, quarantine, sanatorium treatment, and prosthetics.

Unemployment Insurance

The employer contributes 12% to the Unified Social Fund, which includes Unemployment Insurance.

In order for the employee to qualify for unemployment benefits, they must have worked for at least 12 weeks in the last 12 months or registered as a job seeker for the first time. They must be registered at an employment office, able and willing to work, and receive no income from employment.

Public Pension

The employer contributes 12% to the Unified Social Fund, and 0.1% to the Individual Pension Accounts.

An old-age pension is assigned to insured workers on a general basis for men – upon reaching 60 years of age with a total length of service of at least 25 years, and for women – upon reaching 55 years of age with a total length of service of at least 20 years. For certain categories of insured workers, a pension is established at reduced retirement age, and, in appropriate cases, at a reduced length of service.

Other Statutory Benefits

The employer contributes 12% to the Unified Social Fund, which includes all the benefits described below.

Benefits for Pregnancy and Childbirth

The maternity benefit is paid in the number of full earnings during the entire maternity leave.

Child Birth Benefit

When a child is born, a one-time allowance is issued. The amount of the allowance for each child born and the procedure for its payment are established by law.

Burial Allowance

In the event of the death of an insured employee or a member of their family, a funeral allowance is paid in the amount and in the manner determined by law.

Disclaimer

The information contained in this Country Guide is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. The contents of this Country Guide contain general information and may not reflect current legal developments or address your situation. You should not act or refrain from acting on the basis of any content included in this Country Guide without seeking the advice or representation of a licensed attorney. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for actions you take or fail to take based on any content included in this Country Guide.

Information provided in this Country Guide is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. WorkMotion Software GmbH periodically adds, changes, improves, updates, or removes information without notice, and assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the contents of this Country Guide. This Country Guide may contain links to other websites. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for the privacy practices or the content of such websites.

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