Basic Facts

South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia, Sudan, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and Kenya. South Sudan has got a land area covering 644,329 square kilometers. The country’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture.



*Please note that the official currency is the currency of remuneration when employed through WorkMotion in South Sudan.

Capital :
Currency :
Sudanese Pound (SDG, SSP, £)
Languages spoken :
Population :
11.38 million (2021 est.)
Minimum wage 2023 :
There is no national minimum wage in South Sudan.
Cost of Living index :
Payroll Frequency :
VAT - standard rate :
GDP - real growth rate :
-6% (2021 est.)

Statutory Holidays

The holidays mentioned below are valid for the year 2023.

Holiday Name
Extra Information
January 1
New Year's Day
April 7 - 10
Easter Holidays
April 21
Eid al-Fitr
May 1
Labor Day
May 16
June 28
Eid al-Adha
July 9
Independence Day
July 30
Martyrs' Day
December 24
Christmas Eve
December 25
Christmas Day
December 26
Christmas Holiday

Contract Sharing Time

The approximate time for sharing the contract with an employee in South Sudan is 14 business days assuming no special requests or changes to our standard employment contract. Any such requests or changes would need to undergo internal and external review, directly leading to a time delay.

NOTE: This number is subject to change and is only an estimation of the Contract Sharing Time. The estimated Contract Sharing Time begins from the moment that WorkMotion has received all required information from both the client and the employee.

What You Need To Know

  • Non payment of social security contributions attracts an additional fee of 4% for the employer.
  • Employees who have completed a period of not less than one year of continuous service are entitled to a gratuity pay.
  • The law does not specify the maximum length of a single fixed term contract (or including renewals) but where the employee’s employment continues for a period of two years after the expiry of the employment contract, the employment is deemed to be for an indefinite period.

Labor Conditions

Working Hours

The normal working hours for an employee should not exceed eight hours per day and 40 hours per week. An employer may require an employee to perform more than eight normal working hours for one or more days per week, provided that the normal working hours of employees not engaged in shift work should:

  • Not exceed nine hours in a day;
  • Be proportionately reduced on other days in the week such that the working hours of an employees do not exceed 40 hours in a week;
  • Not exceed the normal working hours of an employee engaged in a shift of 40 hours when averaged over a three-week period.



Where an employee works beyond the maximum normal working hours, the extra working hours should be considered overtime. An employer may agree with an employee to work more than three hours of overtime in a day or 10 hours of overtime in a week.

Overtime is paid at the rate of at least:

  • One and one-half times an employee’s regular hourly rate, if the overtime work was performed on an ordinary working day; and
  • Two times an employee’s regular hourly rate, if the overtime work was performed on a weekly holiday.


Probation Period

An employer may require an employee to serve a probationary period, provided that such probationary period does not exceed three months.

Termination Notice Period

An employment contract may be terminated by either party under the following notice guidelines:


Length of Service PeriodNotice Required
After continuous service by the employee for less than 6 months1 week
After continuous service by the employee for 6 months or more, but less than 1 year2 weeks
After continuous service by the employee for 1 year or more1 month

Leave / Time Off

Annual Leave

An employee is entitled to annual leave with full pay as follows:

  • After continuous service of one year or more but less than three years, 21 working days per year;
  • After continuous service of three years or more but less than 15 years, 25 working days per year; and
  • After continuous service of 15 years or more, 30 working days per year.

Sick Leave

An employee is entitled to 12 days of sick leave on full pay per year of continuous service. An employer may require an employee to provide a medical certificate from a government hospital or clinic or private clinic, verifying the incapacity arising from illness or injury and the anticipated duration.

Parental Leave

There is no statutory provision for parental leave in South Sudan.

Maternity Leave

A female employee is entitled, on each occasion she is pregnant, to 90 days maternity leave with full pay and 45 days for breastfeeding while working for half day.

An employee who has a miscarriage or a stillborn child, is entitled to leave for six weeks after the miscarriage or stillbirth. 


Paternity Leave

An employee is entitled, on each occasion that his wife is pregnant, to two weeks of paternity leave on full pay, to be taken:

  • Within three days after the birth of his child; or
  • Immediately following miscarriage by his wife.

Other Types of Paid Leave

Leave for Vocational and Union Training or Functions

The employer should grant leave of absence with full pay to an employee who is a member of a union to attend training, workshop, seminar or function sponsored by the union internal or external bodies. The union should furnish the employer with a list of their officials in appropriate time.


Compassionate Leave

An employee who is employed to work more than four days a week, and has completed at least three months of continuous service for the employer, is entitled up to three days compassionate leave on full pay each year.

Untaken compassionate leave entitlements does not accumulate from year to year.

Unpaid Leave

An employee is entitled to request a period of unpaid leave for any reason, including for the purposes of:

  • Observing or attending to religious or cultural ceremonies or practices;
  • Caring for a family member who is suffering from a serious illness or injury and who depends on the employee for essential care;
  • Undertaking study relevant to the work performed by the employee for the employer; and
  • Accompanying an employee’s spouse, in circumstances where an employee’s spouse is required to move outside South Sudan for work.

Statutory Benefits

South Sudan’s social insurance system covers benefits such as:

  • Old Age Insurance;
  • Disability Insurance;
  • Death Insurance;
  • Accident Insurance.

The contribution payable by the employer is 17% of the monthly wage whilst the employee contributes 8%.


BenefitEmployer ContributionEmployee Contribution
Old Age, Disability, and Death Insurance15%8%
Work Accidents Insurance2%

NOTE: The employer is liable to pay an additional amount of 4% of the contributions if they do not subscribe all or part of their employees in the social security system, or if the payment of subscriptions was based on unreal wages.

Health Insurance

There is no universal health insurance in South Sudan or any statutory contribution to private health insurance.

Other Insurances

Accident Insurance

The work injuries pension insurance consists of the monthly subscriptions paid by the employer for the account of this insurance, at the rate of 2% of the monthly wages of the insured persons.

Benefits apply to the insured persons, who, as a result of work injury, sustain a permanent disability of 15% or more, or die as a result of the injury. The obligation of the Fund arises after proof of the disability, or after death.


Unemployment Insurance

There is no provision in law for unemployment insurance and benefits.

Public Pension

The employer pays 15% towards the old age, disability and death insurance.

The Law provides for both full and early pension. For full pension, a worker must have attained 60 years of age with at least 240 months (20 years) of contributions. Early pension is available to the workers who have attained the age of 50 years with 240 months (20 years) of contributions. 

Other Statutory Benefits

Invalidity Benefits

The employer pays 15% towards the old age, disability and death insurance.

Pension laws provide for invalidity benefits in the case of non-occupational accident/injury/disease resulting in permanent invalidity. Invalidity pension is 50% of the insured worker’s average monthly earnings in the last three years before the disability began. The maximum pension is 80% of the average monthly earnings in the last three years before the disability began.


The information contained in this Country Guide is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. The contents of this Country Guide contain general information and may not reflect current legal developments or address your situation. You should not act or refrain from acting on the basis of any content included in this Country Guide without seeking the advice or representation of a licensed attorney. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for actions you take or fail to take based on any content included in this Country Guide.

Information provided in this Country Guide is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. WorkMotion Software GmbH periodically adds, changes, improves, updates, or removes information without notice, and assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the contents of this Country Guide. This Country Guide may contain links to other websites. WorkMotion Software GmbH disclaims all liability for the privacy practices or the content of such websites.

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